javax.swing

Class JComboBox<E>

    • Constructor Detail

      • JComboBox

        public JComboBox(ComboBoxModel<E> aModel)
        Creates a JComboBox that takes its items from an existing ComboBoxModel. Since the ComboBoxModel is provided, a combo box created using this constructor does not create a default combo box model and may impact how the insert, remove and add methods behave.
        Parameters:
        aModel - the ComboBoxModel that provides the displayed list of items
        See Also:
        DefaultComboBoxModel
      • JComboBox

        public JComboBox(E[] items)
        Creates a JComboBox that contains the elements in the specified array. By default the first item in the array (and therefore the data model) becomes selected.
        Parameters:
        items - an array of objects to insert into the combo box
        See Also:
        DefaultComboBoxModel
      • JComboBox

        public JComboBox(Vector<E> items)
        Creates a JComboBox that contains the elements in the specified Vector. By default the first item in the vector (and therefore the data model) becomes selected.
        Parameters:
        items - an array of vectors to insert into the combo box
        See Also:
        DefaultComboBoxModel
      • JComboBox

        public JComboBox()
        Creates a JComboBox with a default data model. The default data model is an empty list of objects. Use addItem to add items. By default the first item in the data model becomes selected.
        See Also:
        DefaultComboBoxModel
    • Method Detail

      • installAncestorListener

        protected void installAncestorListener()
      • getUI

        public ComboBoxUI getUI()
        Returns the L&F object that renders this component.
        Returns:
        the ComboBoxUI object that renders this component
      • setModel

        public void setModel(ComboBoxModel<E> aModel)
        Sets the data model that the JComboBox uses to obtain the list of items.
        Parameters:
        aModel - the ComboBoxModel that provides the displayed list of items
      • getModel

        public ComboBoxModel<E> getModel()
        Returns the data model currently used by the JComboBox.
        Returns:
        the ComboBoxModel that provides the displayed list of items
      • setLightWeightPopupEnabled

        public void setLightWeightPopupEnabled(boolean aFlag)
        Sets the lightWeightPopupEnabled property, which provides a hint as to whether or not a lightweight Component should be used to contain the JComboBox, versus a heavyweight Component such as a Panel or a Window. The decision of lightweight versus heavyweight is ultimately up to the JComboBox. Lightweight windows are more efficient than heavyweight windows, but lightweight and heavyweight components do not mix well in a GUI. If your application mixes lightweight and heavyweight components, you should disable lightweight popups. The default value for the lightWeightPopupEnabled property is true, unless otherwise specified by the look and feel. Some look and feels always use heavyweight popups, no matter what the value of this property.

        See the article Mixing Heavy and Light Components on The Swing Connection This method fires a property changed event.

        Parameters:
        aFlag - if true, lightweight popups are desired
      • isLightWeightPopupEnabled

        public boolean isLightWeightPopupEnabled()
        Gets the value of the lightWeightPopupEnabled property.
        Returns:
        the value of the lightWeightPopupEnabled property
        See Also:
        setLightWeightPopupEnabled(boolean)
      • setEditable

        public void setEditable(boolean aFlag)
        Determines whether the JComboBox field is editable. An editable JComboBox allows the user to type into the field or selected an item from the list to initialize the field, after which it can be edited. (The editing affects only the field, the list item remains intact.) A non editable JComboBox displays the selected item in the field, but the selection cannot be modified.
        Parameters:
        aFlag - a boolean value, where true indicates that the field is editable
      • isEditable

        public boolean isEditable()
        Returns true if the JComboBox is editable. By default, a combo box is not editable.
        Returns:
        true if the JComboBox is editable, else false
      • setMaximumRowCount

        public void setMaximumRowCount(int count)
        Sets the maximum number of rows the JComboBox displays. If the number of objects in the model is greater than count, the combo box uses a scrollbar.
        Parameters:
        count - an integer specifying the maximum number of items to display in the list before using a scrollbar
      • getMaximumRowCount

        public int getMaximumRowCount()
        Returns the maximum number of items the combo box can display without a scrollbar
        Returns:
        an integer specifying the maximum number of items that are displayed in the list before using a scrollbar
      • setRenderer

        public void setRenderer(ListCellRenderer<? super E> aRenderer)
        Sets the renderer that paints the list items and the item selected from the list in the JComboBox field. The renderer is used if the JComboBox is not editable. If it is editable, the editor is used to render and edit the selected item.

        The default renderer displays a string or an icon. Other renderers can handle graphic images and composite items.

        To display the selected item, aRenderer.getListCellRendererComponent is called, passing the list object and an index of -1.

        Parameters:
        aRenderer - the ListCellRenderer that displays the selected item
        See Also:
        setEditor(javax.swing.ComboBoxEditor)
      • getRenderer

        public ListCellRenderer<? super E> getRenderer()
        Returns the renderer used to display the selected item in the JComboBox field.
        Returns:
        the ListCellRenderer that displays the selected item.
      • setEditor

        public void setEditor(ComboBoxEditor anEditor)
        Sets the editor used to paint and edit the selected item in the JComboBox field. The editor is used only if the receiving JComboBox is editable. If not editable, the combo box uses the renderer to paint the selected item.
        Parameters:
        anEditor - the ComboBoxEditor that displays the selected item
        See Also:
        setRenderer(javax.swing.ListCellRenderer<? super E>)
      • getEditor

        public ComboBoxEditor getEditor()
        Returns the editor used to paint and edit the selected item in the JComboBox field.
        Returns:
        the ComboBoxEditor that displays the selected item
      • setSelectedItem

        public void setSelectedItem(Object anObject)
        Sets the selected item in the combo box display area to the object in the argument. If anObject is in the list, the display area shows anObject selected.

        If anObject is not in the list and the combo box is uneditable, it will not change the current selection. For editable combo boxes, the selection will change to anObject.

        If this constitutes a change in the selected item, ItemListeners added to the combo box will be notified with one or two ItemEvents. If there is a current selected item, an ItemEvent will be fired and the state change will be ItemEvent.DESELECTED. If anObject is in the list and is not currently selected then an ItemEvent will be fired and the state change will be ItemEvent.SELECTED.

        ActionListeners added to the combo box will be notified with an ActionEvent when this method is called.

        Parameters:
        anObject - the list object to select; use null to clear the selection
      • getSelectedItem

        public Object getSelectedItem()
        Returns the current selected item.

        If the combo box is editable, then this value may not have been added to the combo box with addItem, insertItemAt or the data constructors.

        Returns:
        the current selected Object
        See Also:
        setSelectedItem(java.lang.Object)
      • setSelectedIndex

        public void setSelectedIndex(int anIndex)
        Selects the item at index anIndex.
        Parameters:
        anIndex - an integer specifying the list item to select, where 0 specifies the first item in the list and -1 indicates no selection
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if anIndex < -1 or anIndex is greater than or equal to size
      • getSelectedIndex

        public int getSelectedIndex()
        Returns the first item in the list that matches the given item. The result is not always defined if the JComboBox allows selected items that are not in the list. Returns -1 if there is no selected item or if the user specified an item which is not in the list.
        Returns:
        an integer specifying the currently selected list item, where 0 specifies the first item in the list; or -1 if no item is selected or if the currently selected item is not in the list
      • getPrototypeDisplayValue

        public E getPrototypeDisplayValue()
        Returns the "prototypical display" value - an Object used for the calculation of the display height and width.
        Returns:
        the value of the prototypeDisplayValue property
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        setPrototypeDisplayValue(E)
      • setPrototypeDisplayValue

        public void setPrototypeDisplayValue(E prototypeDisplayValue)
        Sets the prototype display value used to calculate the size of the display for the UI portion.

        If a prototype display value is specified, the preferred size of the combo box is calculated by configuring the renderer with the prototype display value and obtaining its preferred size. Specifying the preferred display value is often useful when the combo box will be displaying large amounts of data. If no prototype display value has been specified, the renderer must be configured for each value from the model and its preferred size obtained, which can be relatively expensive.

        Parameters:
        prototypeDisplayValue -
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        getPrototypeDisplayValue()
      • addItem

        public void addItem(E item)
        Adds an item to the item list. This method works only if the JComboBox uses a mutable data model.

        Warning: Focus and keyboard navigation problems may arise if you add duplicate String objects. A workaround is to add new objects instead of String objects and make sure that the toString() method is defined. For example:

           comboBox.addItem(makeObj("Item 1"));
           comboBox.addItem(makeObj("Item 1"));
           ...
           private Object makeObj(final String item)  {
             return new Object() { public String toString() { return item; } };
           }
         
        Parameters:
        item - the item to add to the list
        See Also:
        MutableComboBoxModel
      • insertItemAt

        public void insertItemAt(E item,
                        int index)
        Inserts an item into the item list at a given index. This method works only if the JComboBox uses a mutable data model.
        Parameters:
        item - the item to add to the list
        index - an integer specifying the position at which to add the item
        See Also:
        MutableComboBoxModel
      • removeItem

        public void removeItem(Object anObject)
        Removes an item from the item list. This method works only if the JComboBox uses a mutable data model.
        Parameters:
        anObject - the object to remove from the item list
        See Also:
        MutableComboBoxModel
      • removeItemAt

        public void removeItemAt(int anIndex)
        Removes the item at anIndex This method works only if the JComboBox uses a mutable data model.
        Parameters:
        anIndex - an int specifying the index of the item to remove, where 0 indicates the first item in the list
        See Also:
        MutableComboBoxModel
      • removeAllItems

        public void removeAllItems()
        Removes all items from the item list.
      • showPopup

        public void showPopup()
        Causes the combo box to display its popup window.
        See Also:
        setPopupVisible(boolean)
      • setPopupVisible

        public void setPopupVisible(boolean v)
        Sets the visibility of the popup.
      • isPopupVisible

        public boolean isPopupVisible()
        Determines the visibility of the popup.
        Returns:
        true if the popup is visible, otherwise returns false
      • getItemListeners

        public ItemListener[] getItemListeners()
        Returns an array of all the ItemListeners added to this JComboBox with addItemListener().
        Returns:
        all of the ItemListeners added or an empty array if no listeners have been added
        Since:
        1.4
      • addActionListener

        public void addActionListener(ActionListener l)
        Adds an ActionListener.

        The ActionListener will receive an ActionEvent when a selection has been made. If the combo box is editable, then an ActionEvent will be fired when editing has stopped.

        Parameters:
        l - the ActionListener that is to be notified
        See Also:
        setSelectedItem(java.lang.Object)
      • removeActionListener

        public void removeActionListener(ActionListener l)
        Removes an ActionListener.
        Parameters:
        l - the ActionListener to remove
      • getActionListeners

        public ActionListener[] getActionListeners()
        Returns an array of all the ActionListeners added to this JComboBox with addActionListener().
        Returns:
        all of the ActionListeners added or an empty array if no listeners have been added
        Since:
        1.4
      • addPopupMenuListener

        public void addPopupMenuListener(PopupMenuListener l)
        Adds a PopupMenu listener which will listen to notification messages from the popup portion of the combo box.

        For all standard look and feels shipped with Java, the popup list portion of combo box is implemented as a JPopupMenu. A custom look and feel may not implement it this way and will therefore not receive the notification.

        Parameters:
        l - the PopupMenuListener to add
        Since:
        1.4
      • getPopupMenuListeners

        public PopupMenuListener[] getPopupMenuListeners()
        Returns an array of all the PopupMenuListeners added to this JComboBox with addPopupMenuListener().
        Returns:
        all of the PopupMenuListeners added or an empty array if no listeners have been added
        Since:
        1.4
      • firePopupMenuWillBecomeVisible

        public void firePopupMenuWillBecomeVisible()
        Notifies PopupMenuListeners that the popup portion of the combo box will become visible.

        This method is public but should not be called by anything other than the UI delegate.

        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        addPopupMenuListener(javax.swing.event.PopupMenuListener)
      • firePopupMenuWillBecomeInvisible

        public void firePopupMenuWillBecomeInvisible()
        Notifies PopupMenuListeners that the popup portion of the combo box has become invisible.

        This method is public but should not be called by anything other than the UI delegate.

        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        addPopupMenuListener(javax.swing.event.PopupMenuListener)
      • firePopupMenuCanceled

        public void firePopupMenuCanceled()
        Notifies PopupMenuListeners that the popup portion of the combo box has been canceled.

        This method is public but should not be called by anything other than the UI delegate.

        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        addPopupMenuListener(javax.swing.event.PopupMenuListener)
      • setActionCommand

        public void setActionCommand(String aCommand)
        Sets the action command that should be included in the event sent to action listeners.
        Parameters:
        aCommand - a string containing the "command" that is sent to action listeners; the same listener can then do different things depending on the command it receives
      • getActionCommand

        public String getActionCommand()
        Returns the action command that is included in the event sent to action listeners.
        Returns:
        the string containing the "command" that is sent to action listeners.
      • setAction

        public void setAction(Action a)
        Sets the Action for the ActionEvent source. The new Action replaces any previously set Action but does not affect ActionListeners independently added with addActionListener. If the Action is already a registered ActionListener for the ActionEvent source, it is not re-registered.

        Setting the Action results in immediately changing all the properties described in Swing Components Supporting Action. Subsequently, the combobox's properties are automatically updated as the Action's properties change.

        This method uses three other methods to set and help track the Action's property values. It uses the configurePropertiesFromAction method to immediately change the combobox's properties. To track changes in the Action's property values, this method registers the PropertyChangeListener returned by createActionPropertyChangeListener. The default PropertyChangeListener invokes the actionPropertyChanged method when a property in the Action changes.

        Parameters:
        a - the Action for the JComboBox, or null.
        Since:
        1.3
        See Also:
        Action, getAction(), configurePropertiesFromAction(javax.swing.Action), createActionPropertyChangeListener(javax.swing.Action), actionPropertyChanged(javax.swing.Action, java.lang.String)
      • getAction

        public Action getAction()
        Returns the currently set Action for this ActionEvent source, or null if no Action is set.
        Returns:
        the Action for this ActionEvent source; or null
        Since:
        1.3
        See Also:
        Action, setAction(javax.swing.Action)
      • configurePropertiesFromAction

        protected void configurePropertiesFromAction(Action a)
        Sets the properties on this combobox to match those in the specified Action. Refer to Swing Components Supporting Action for more details as to which properties this sets.
        Parameters:
        a - the Action from which to get the properties, or null
        Since:
        1.3
        See Also:
        Action, setAction(javax.swing.Action)
      • createActionPropertyChangeListener

        protected PropertyChangeListener createActionPropertyChangeListener(Action a)
        Creates and returns a PropertyChangeListener that is responsible for listening for changes from the specified Action and updating the appropriate properties.

        Warning: If you subclass this do not create an anonymous inner class. If you do the lifetime of the combobox will be tied to that of the Action.

        Parameters:
        a - the combobox's action
        Since:
        1.3
        See Also:
        Action, setAction(javax.swing.Action)
      • actionPropertyChanged

        protected void actionPropertyChanged(Action action,
                                 String propertyName)
        Updates the combobox's state in response to property changes in associated action. This method is invoked from the PropertyChangeListener returned from createActionPropertyChangeListener. Subclasses do not normally need to invoke this. Subclasses that support additional Action properties should override this and configurePropertiesFromAction.

        Refer to the table at Swing Components Supporting Action for a list of the properties this method sets.

        Parameters:
        action - the Action associated with this combobox
        propertyName - the name of the property that changed
        Since:
        1.6
        See Also:
        Action, configurePropertiesFromAction(javax.swing.Action)
      • fireItemStateChanged

        protected void fireItemStateChanged(ItemEvent e)
        Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.
        Parameters:
        e - the event of interest
        See Also:
        EventListenerList
      • fireActionEvent

        protected void fireActionEvent()
        Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.
        See Also:
        EventListenerList
      • selectedItemChanged

        protected void selectedItemChanged()
        This protected method is implementation specific. Do not access directly or override.
      • getSelectedObjects

        public Object[] getSelectedObjects()
        Returns an array containing the selected item. This method is implemented for compatibility with ItemSelectable.
        Specified by:
        getSelectedObjects in interface ItemSelectable
        Returns:
        an array of Objects containing one element -- the selected item
      • actionPerformed

        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
        This method is public as an implementation side effect. do not call or override.
        Specified by:
        actionPerformed in interface ActionListener
      • contentsChanged

        public void contentsChanged(ListDataEvent e)
        This method is public as an implementation side effect. do not call or override.
        Specified by:
        contentsChanged in interface ListDataListener
        Parameters:
        e - a ListDataEvent encapsulating the event information
      • intervalAdded

        public void intervalAdded(ListDataEvent e)
        This method is public as an implementation side effect. do not call or override.
        Specified by:
        intervalAdded in interface ListDataListener
        Parameters:
        e - a ListDataEvent encapsulating the event information
      • intervalRemoved

        public void intervalRemoved(ListDataEvent e)
        This method is public as an implementation side effect. do not call or override.
        Specified by:
        intervalRemoved in interface ListDataListener
        Parameters:
        e - a ListDataEvent encapsulating the event information
      • selectWithKeyChar

        public boolean selectWithKeyChar(char keyChar)
        Selects the list item that corresponds to the specified keyboard character and returns true, if there is an item corresponding to that character. Otherwise, returns false.
        Parameters:
        keyChar - a char, typically this is a keyboard key typed by the user
      • setEnabled

        public void setEnabled(boolean b)
        Enables the combo box so that items can be selected. When the combo box is disabled, items cannot be selected and values cannot be typed into its field (if it is editable).
        Overrides:
        setEnabled in class JComponent
        Parameters:
        b - a boolean value, where true enables the component and false disables it
        See Also:
        Component.isEnabled(), Component.isLightweight()
      • configureEditor

        public void configureEditor(ComboBoxEditor anEditor,
                           Object anItem)
        Initializes the editor with the specified item.
        Parameters:
        anEditor - the ComboBoxEditor that displays the list item in the combo box field and allows it to be edited
        anItem - the object to display and edit in the field
      • processKeyBinding

        protected boolean processKeyBinding(KeyStroke ks,
                                KeyEvent e,
                                int condition,
                                boolean pressed)
        Invoked to process the key bindings for ks as the result of the KeyEvent e. This obtains the appropriate InputMap, gets the binding, gets the action from the ActionMap, and then (if the action is found and the component is enabled) invokes notifyAction to notify the action.
        Overrides:
        processKeyBinding in class JComponent
        Parameters:
        ks - the KeyStroke queried
        e - the KeyEvent
        condition - one of the following values:
        • JComponent.WHEN_FOCUSED
        • JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT
        • JComponent.WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW
        pressed - true if the key is pressed
        Returns:
        true if there was a binding to an action, and the action was enabled
      • setKeySelectionManager

        public void setKeySelectionManager(JComboBox.KeySelectionManager aManager)
        Sets the object that translates a keyboard character into a list selection. Typically, the first selection with a matching first character becomes the selected item.
      • getKeySelectionManager

        public JComboBox.KeySelectionManager getKeySelectionManager()
        Returns the list's key-selection manager.
        Returns:
        the KeySelectionManager currently in use
      • getItemCount

        public int getItemCount()
        Returns the number of items in the list.
        Returns:
        an integer equal to the number of items in the list
      • getItemAt

        public E getItemAt(int index)
        Returns the list item at the specified index. If index is out of range (less than zero or greater than or equal to size) it will return null.
        Parameters:
        index - an integer indicating the list position, where the first item starts at zero
        Returns:
        the item at that list position; or null if out of range
      • paramString

        protected String paramString()
        Returns a string representation of this JComboBox. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.
        Overrides:
        paramString in class JComponent
        Returns:
        a string representation of this JComboBox
      • getAccessibleContext

        public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
        Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this JComboBox. For combo boxes, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleJComboBox. A new AccessibleJComboBox instance is created if necessary.
        Specified by:
        getAccessibleContext in interface Accessible
        Overrides:
        getAccessibleContext in class JComponent
        Returns:
        an AccessibleJComboBox that serves as the AccessibleContext of this JComboBox

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Document créé le 30/08/2006, dernière modification le 29/10/2018
Source du document imprimé : https://www.gaudry.be/java-api-rf-javax/swing/JComboBox.html

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Références

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